Peru’s consistently strong growth rate over the past decade (5.8% GDP growth in 2013, average GDP growth of 6.4% between 2002 and 2012) has allowed the country to achieve significant improvements in key development areas including reduction of external debt, reduction of poverty and advances in development indicators. But the national economy is highly dependent on natural assets such as minerals, oil and gas, forests and fisheries. This dependency is showing its impact through increasing pressure on natural resources such as water and soil, and deforestation. Environmental pollution and degradation is on the rise. The country also continues to face significant social challenges. Wealth is distributed unequally among society with a strong disparity between rural and urban population. Social inclusion, access to social security, formal employment and the prevention of social conflicts are concerning issues.
The current administration sees green economy as a tool that will guide the country towards sustainable development. Together with Mexico, Chile and Colombia, the country is a member of the Pacific Alliance and it is applying for OECD membership. It also became an adherent to the OECD Declaration on Green Growth.
PAGE objective in Peru
The overall objective of PAGE Peru is to integrate the concept of green growth into development policies through the formulation and implementation of inclusive green economy (IGE) public policy proposals that will promote the efficient use of resources, environmental quality and sustainability and green jobs creation in key sectors of the economy.
PAGE work is underway in the following key workstreams:
- Establishment of a multi-stakeholder dialogue. Initiated with the Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion and the Ministry of Environment, PAGE is now also implemented in close coordination with the Ministry of Production, the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, the National Centre of Strategic Planning and the Ministry of Economy and Finance. Multi-stakeholders consultations further include private sector (CONFIEP) and trade union (CGTP) representatives as well as existing multi-stakeholder platform like the Acuerdo Nacional (partnering with GIZ).
- Green economy modelling for policy reform. In cooperation with the Universidad del Pacífico and based on a green economy stocktaking study undertaken in 2014, PAGE is currently finalizing its green economy assessment in three key sectors, forestry, agriculture and transport. The modelling will be supported by recommendations for fiscal instruments currently drafted with the Ministry of Economy and Finance. A green jobs assessment in the same key sectors will provide evidence about the employment creation potential.
- Formulation and adoption of a National Green Growth Strategy. Drawing on the analysis provided by the green economy assessment and green jobs assessment and building on the jointly drafted road map, Peru aims at developing an overarching National Green Growth Strategy (partnering with GGGI)
- Support to the development of green industry policy instruments. Drawing on the analysis and recommendations provided in a green industry assessment conducted in 2015, PAGE will focus in 2016 on waste and recycling strategies.
- Operationalization of national green jobs policy. After thedrafting of a national green jobs strategy (Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion), PAGE is supporting its operationalization at sub-national level through the development and implementation of regional plans for the promotion of youth employment in green sectors.
- Promotion of Peru’s bio trade strategy. Joining efforts with a new UN Joint Programme which promotes the social and economic inclusion of small scale farmers producing Andean grains. PAGE will support the country in operationalizing its biotrade strategy (with the Export Board and National Biotrade Commission, Ministry of Environment).
- Promotion of sustainable forest management. Following the findings of the macro-economic modelling, PAGE will cooperate with REDD+ to formulate and implement policies for sustainable forest management.
- Media training on green economy. Capacity building activities and the organization of a national competition for media representatives resulted in increased communication on green growth aiming at raising awareness among the Peruvian population.
Debate on green growth with presidential candidates
PAGE extends cooperation with regions on green growth and green jobs promotion
PAGE strengthens cooperation with UNREDD
Peru participates in global workshop on integrated green economy modelling
Expert workshop on modelling green growth policies
Final launch of the Green Industry Assessment Report
Peru constituents participate in PAGE regional forum on green economy
PAGE organizes consultations with Acuerdo Nacional
Media contest on green growth
Regional plans for youth employment in green sectors finalized in Arequipa and Piura
Green Economy Stocktaking Study completed
Ministry of Transport and Communications joins PAGE
Validation workshop for the Green Industry Assessment
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation joins PAGE
Presentation of Green Growth Road Map at UNFCCC COP20 in Lima
Launch of PAGE Peru website
Ministry of Production joins PAGE Peru initiative
Training course on green economy assessment (T21) and green economy indicators
Green industry study begins
Stakeholder training on green economy concepts and best practices
Green Economy Assessment begins
Signing of Lima declaration
Scoping Study begins
Peru joins PAGE