Mauritius

Since the late 1960s, Mauritius has transformed itself from a low-income, agriculture-dependent economy to an upper middle-income diversified economy with high levels of human development. Despite being a small developing island state on the front-line of climate change impacts, Mauritius is the one of the most competitive economies in Sub-Saharan Africa[1] and is forecasted to grow further at 4% during 2016-19[2]. The present government has announced the ambitious Second Economic Miracle and the Vision 2030 with key focus areas on addressing unemployment, alleviating poverty and sustainable development, among others.  


[1] Mahomed 2013

[2] Economist Intelligence Unit, June 2015

PAGE objective in Mauritius

Mauritius joined PAGE in mid-2014. PAGE is supporting the government of Mauritius  on different aspects of the new government programme (2016-2020), Achieving Meaningful Change. PAGE support to this programme includes, developing solid waste and industrial waste strategies, promoting green skills and  entrepreneurial development, drafting the Marshall Plan against poverty and social exclusion, and mobilizing finance for sustainable development.

PAGE has been working with the Mauritian government, as well as private sector and civil society actors, on a series of technical support programmes. An overview of these workstreams is given below:  

Green Economy Assessment

The University of Mauritius, with technical inputs from 12 ministries and government bodies, as well as a wide range of civil society and private sector actors, produced a Green Economy Assessment. The assessment demonstrates the economic, social and environmental benefits of investing in the green economy through macroeconomic modelling.

Waste Management

  1. Waste Feasibility Study – To support the Ministry of Environment, Sustainable Development and Beach Management’s ambitious programme for waste treatment, a feasibility study is being carried out, looking at the financial and economic implications of different options for solid waste management. The study will advise on the most effective technologies to achieve Mauritius’s waste objectives by engaging the private sector and the creation of green jobs. PAGE is providing technical inputs with additional support from Agence Française de Développement.
  2. Industrial Waste Strategy –The Ministry of Industry, UNIDO and the Joint Economic Council are working on an industrial waste assessment study which includes a waste characterization component. This work is coupled with training for Mauritian businesses on how to deal with industrial waste.

Mobilizing Finance to Support Sustainable Development

Redirecting investments and financial flow to efficient, clean and inclusive economic activities and away from polluting, resource and energy intensive ones is crucial to make Mauritian economy more competitive, green and resilient. The Ministry of Finance and Economic Development with PAGE support, will work with the private sector to enhance investments in greening the economy to achieve the sustainable development and poverty reduction goals set by the government of Mauritius.  Private sector actors, such as the Mauritius Bankers Association and Financial Services Commission are key collaborating institutions within this activity.

Public Environment Expenditure Review

The Ministry of Finance and Economic Development is leading this workstream by examining how public funds are currently being spent on the environment. The programme aims to analyse the effectiveness of this budget allocation, develop a climate budget code so that expenditure on climate change can be tracked, and provide recommendations to strengthen the effectiveness of public finance expenditure.

Fiscal Policy Analysis

With the University of Torino and the University of Mauritius, the fiscal policy analysis report is an innovative study, looking at the implications of an introduction of a carbon tax, increased taxation on motor vehicles and reformed taxes on waste collection and disposal. The study is under final consultation and builds on the already-published Fiscal Scoping Study.

Marshall Plan

Through the Ministry of Social Integration, PAGE is supporting the development of the Marshall Plan, which the government is spearheading. PAGE will support the government in ensuring the plan is both inclusive, and reflects the key ideas of green economy. A team of international experts are currently assisting on drafting this Plan.

Trade Union training

Trade union representatives requested a capacity building session on green economy, which will be organised by ILO. The training aims to help trade unions gain a better overall understanding of green economy and green jobs. During the session, trade union representatives will also develop an action plan which identifies personal and institutional contributions to promoting green jobs creation at national level and in the context of PAGE.

Green Business Opportunities

In collaboration with the Mauritius Employers Federation and the Ministry of Business, Enterprise and Cooperatives, PAGE will undertake an assessment of business opportunities in emerging green sectors and provide technical support to adjust and improve the assistance provided to entrepreneurs by national business development service providers. Other key partners include Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority to identify and support green business development.  

2014

December
General election sees new government elected

July
Launch of Green Economy Assessment

April
Mauritius officially joins PAGE